Being a Man in Canada: The Gendered Impacts of Resettlement Programs on Syrian Male Immigrants in Halifax
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Using a phenomenological approach, this thesis examined the ways in which Syrian men experience changes in the culture of gender relations in Canada. This study aimed to understand how Syrian men perceive Canadian gender norms and struggle to adapt to them, to inform the design of immigrant support services to help immigrants to Canada to adopt more equitable understandings of gender. The research used qualitative methods supported by in-depth semi-structured interviews with 19 Syrian straight cis-gendered men and with 5 staff members from settlement organizations in Halifax (ISANS, YMCA). Using Maslow's Hierarchy of needs model helped me to locate which 'level of needs' has been addressed by settlement programs. The results showed that most men participants try to conform to Canadian dominant gender norms, either consciously or unconsciously. Focusing on male position and masculinity fosters more equitable gender relations within immigrants’ families and more broadly in Canadian society.