Protecting The Aged Heart During Cardiac Surgery: Use of del Nido Cardioplegia Provides Superior Functional Recovery in Isolated Hearts
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The purpose of this study was to determine if del Nido cardioplegia provides superior protection for aged and young adult hearts. We used our isolated working heart model of cardioplegic arrest and reperfusion to compare functional recovery in both senescent and young adult rat hearts, with delivery of del Nido or our standard cardioplegia. In the aged hearts, use of del Nido cardioplegia prevented spontaneous contractions during arrest, reduced troponin release, and provided superior functional recovery during working heart. In contrast, in the young adult hearts, although stroke work was higher in the del Nido group, there were no significant differences in spontaneous activity, troponin release, and cardiac output between del Nido and standard cardioplegia, suggesting that del Nido cardioplegia did not provide superior functional recovery in the young adult heart. Del Nido cardioplegia has the potential to provide superior myocardial protection for elderly patients undergoing cardiac surgery.