THE EFFECT OF INSULIN ON STRESS-RESPONSE PATHWAYS IN A CELLULAR MODEL OF RAT CARDIOMYOCYTES
Jones, Quinton RD
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Insulin and cellular stressors both activate p38 MAPK. Insulin protects cardiac tissue in a p38 MAPK-dependent manner. Paradoxically, inhibiting p38 MAPK is also protective. Hsp27 phosphorylation is regulated by p38 MAPK. Insulin was tested in H9c2 cardiomyocytes subjected to media exchange, 6 hours of oxygen-glucose deprivation, and reoxygenation. Insulin suppressed stress-induced phosphorylation of Hsp27 due to media-exchange or oxygen-glucose deprivation. Surprisingly, insulin increased Hsp27 phosphorylation during reoxygenation. Insulin also reduced total p38 MAPK levels. Insulin before oxygen-glucose deprivation prevented both localization of Hsp27 to the nucleus and localization of phospho-p38 MAPK to the cytoplasm. Insulin during oxygen-glucose deprivation caused the localization of phospho-p38 MAPK in the cytoplasm, but did not increase Hsp27 phosphorylation until reoxygenation. In conclusion, insulin may protect before oxygen-glucose deprivation by redirecting phospho-p38 MAPK to the nucleus away from damaging pathways in the cytoplasm and protects during oxygen-glucose deprivation by priming phospho-p38 MAPK to phosphorylate Hsp27.