Examining metal migration through geotextiles during dewatering
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This paper presents a study conducted to assess the influence that a filter cake deposited on the surface of the geotextile has on the mobility of three metals (Cu, Pb, Zn) during filtration of a contaminated sediment. Two chemical additives (cationic coagulant and cationic polymer) were introduced to the sediment to increase the particle size and improve the filtration efficiency. Bench scale experimentation was conducted to identify contaminant reduction using a small volume of sediment. A field test was applied to observe what effect three-dimensional filtration and a larger filter cake had on metal mobility. Analysis of the effluent was conducted to determine total and dissolved metal contaminants, as well as particulate matter. Effluent chemical properties (pH, Eh, and zeta potential) were analyzed to identify a possible rationale for variations in concentration during filtration. The results of the study show that as an increasing buildup of filter cake on the surface of a geotextile developed, filtrate quality was improved with respect to the metal and particulate contaminants considered. In addition, the metals detected in the effluent were primarily in the solid state, suggesting further reduction could be achieved through subsequent filtration (if desired).
Tackley, H, Alimohammadi, M., and Lake, C.B. 2021. Examining metal migration through geotextiles during dewatering. Geotextiles and Geomembranes: 49(1): 32-40. doi.org/10.1016/j.geotexmem.2020.09.002.