LOW CYCLE RESPONSE OF DENTED PIPELINES SUBJECT TO CYCLIC AXIAL AND BENDING LOADS
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In the present thesis, the ratcheting and low cycle fatigue responses of dented pipes undergoing quasi-static cyclic loads are investigated through a series of experiments conducted on small-scale pipe samples, and performing detailed nonlinear FE analysis. The investigation addresses the response, and in-service life estimation of dented pipes undergoing inelastic cycles of axial and bending loads. Development of ratcheting strain in small-scale dented steel pipes subject to cyclic axial loads is investigated experimentally. It is observed that regardless of the nature of the applied loads, collapse of pipes loaded monotonically or cyclically would essentially occur at the same average strain level. The experimental results reveal that larger dent depths significantly affect the total number of cycles to failure; the number of cycles prior to collapse dramatically decreases by as much as 75% when the dent depth was increased by 2%. Moreover, a nonlinear FEA framework is developed as an alternative and feasible approach for testing load-bearing capacity of dented pipes under cyclic axial loads. A set of parametric FE analyses is performed to investigate the influence of mean stress, stress amplitude, loading regime and hardening-related parameters. It is concluded that the application of larger stress amplitudes (while maintaining the same maximum stress) contributed to pipes earlier failure in comparison to the condition when pipes were subjected to a higher mean stress. It is also observed that the combined non-linear kinematic/isotropic hardening model is extremely sensitive to the material parameters used in describing the model. Finally, the influence of dent depth on the evolution of pipe cross-section ovalization under a low number of curvature-controlled symmetric bending loads is investigated. Two empirical equations are proposed to estimate the remaining in-service life of dented pipes. The first equation estimates the number of cycles causing the local instability of pipe’s cross-section and consequently, initiation of fatigue cracks. The second equation predicts the variation of ovalization as a function of the applied loading cycles.