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dc.contributor.authorLluisma, Arturo O.en_US
dc.date.accessioned2014-10-21T12:34:56Z
dc.date.available2014-10-21T12:34:56Z
dc.date.issued1997en_US
dc.identifier.otherAAINQ24752en_US
dc.identifier.urihttp://hdl.handle.net/10222/55490
dc.descriptionThe molecular biology of carbohydrate metabolism in red algae is poorly known. Enzymological studies are few, and no gene for the biosynthesis of sugar nucleotides and polysaccharides has so far been characterized.en_US
dc.descriptionTo isolate genes involved in carbohydrate metabolism in Gracilaria gracilis, genomic libraries were screened with homologous probes prepared either by PCR with degenerate primers, or from cDNAs previously isolated for generating expressed sequence tags (ESTs) from G. gracilis. Genes involved in carbohydrate metabolism, photosynthesis, protein synthesis and degradation, amino acid metabolism, and stress response were among those tagged by the ESTs.en_US
dc.descriptionThree genes were characterized. These encode galactose-1-phosphate uridylyltransferase (GALT, named GgGALT1), a key enzyme for scD-galactose metabolism; UDPglucose pyrophosphorylase (UGPase; GgUGP), a key enzyme for sugar nucleotide synthesis; and starch branching enzyme (SBE; GgSBE1), which helps determine the structure of floridean starch. The three genes are devoid of introns. Each possesses a polyadenylation signal, TAAA, which occurs in all G. gracilis genes so far characterized, as well as a potential TATA box. Southern hybridization experiments indicate that the three genes are single-copy, but that other genes related to GgGALT1 and GgSBE1 exist. GgGALT1 and GgUGP are each located close to another gene, hinting that occurrence of closely-spaced genes, atypical in eukaryotic genomes, may not be uncommon in the G. gracilis genome. The deduced proteins show high sequence similarity with their homologs in other organisms, but intriguing differences, such as nonconservative substitutions at functionally important sites, were observed. The protein encoded by GgSBE1 lacks an N-terminal portion that could contain a possible target peptide, consistent with the cytosolic localization of floridean starch synthesis. The GgUGP and GgSBE1 proteins are as phylogenetically related to plant as they are to their animal and fungal homologs.en_US
dc.descriptionThesis (Ph.D.)--Dalhousie University (Canada), 1997.en_US
dc.languageengen_US
dc.publisherDalhousie Universityen_US
dc.publisheren_US
dc.subjectBiology, Molecular.en_US
dc.subjectBiology, Botany.en_US
dc.subjectBiology, Genetics.en_US
dc.subjectChemistry, Biochemistry.en_US
dc.titleCloning and characterization of genes involved in carbohydrate metabolism in the marine red alga Gracilaria gracilis.en_US
dc.typetexten_US
dc.contributor.degreePh.D.en_US
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