Indentation and Wear Behavior of Superelastic TiNi Shape Memory Alloy
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TiNi shape memory alloy is characterized by shape memory and superelastic effects which occur due to reversible martensite transformation. It has been recently found that TiNi alloy has superior dent and wear resistance compared to other conventional materials. The stress-induced martensite transformation exhibited by this alloy contributes to its dent and wear resistance. Much work is required to establish the fundamental principals governing the superelastic behavior of TiNi under wear and indentation conditions. Understanding the superelastic behavior helps to employ superelastic TiNi in applications where high impact loading is expected as in gears and bearings. In this study the superelastic behavior of shape memory alloys under reciprocating sliding wear and indentation loading conditions was investigated. The deformation behavior of superelastic Ti-Ni alloys was studied and compared to AISI 304 stainless steel. Dominant wear and deformation mechanisms were identified.