STUDY OF ELECTROLYTE ADDITIVES IN LI-ION BATTERIES USING ELECTROCHEMICAL IMPEDANCE SPECTROSCOPY ON SYMMETRIC CELLS
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Electrolyte additives are generally used in commercial Li-ion cells to improve capacity retention and calendar life. Although it is apparent that electrolyte additives play an important role, the details of how they work are poorly understood. In order to be able to distinguish the effect of an additive on the positive or negative electrodes, an experimental method has been developed based on electrochemical impedance spectroscopy of symmetric cells constructed from electrodes of disassembled full cells similar to the method described by previous workers. This technique proved to be useful and showed that the effects of additives on both electrodes depend strongly on their concentration. It also showed that in some cases, when two additives are introduced in the same cell, both additives contribute to the formation of the surface layer of both electrodes. In other cases, each additive controls the formation of the surface layer of only one electrode.