THE IMPACT OF AN EDUCATIONAL INTERVENTION ON KNOWLEDGE ABOUT INFANT CRYING AND ABUSIVE HEAD TRAUMA, AND BEHAVIORS IN RESPONSE TO INFANT CRYING
Ornstein, Amy E
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This study evaluated the impact of delivery of the Period of PURPLE Crying (PURPLE), in a group of first-time mothers. Frustration with crying is reported as a trigger for abusive head trauma (AHT).The primary objective was to determine whether there was a change in knowledge about crying and shaking after exposure to PURPLE. Factors associated with behavioral responses to crying were studied as was the utility of PURPLE. There was a significant increase in knowledge about infant crying (P = 0.001) after program delivery that was predicted by low baseline knowledge (P < 0.01). There was a non-significant negative change in shaking knowledge (P = 0.5), which may have been the consequence of high baseline knowledge of shaking. The PURPLE program was characterized as informative and useful by participants. Additional to evaluate the impact of program delivery on other caregivers and on the rates of AHT is recommended.