SOLID ADSORPTION MEDIA FOR HF & HCl FOLLOWING REFRIGERANT DESTRUCTION
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This work explored the viability of two solid adsorbents, limestone and cement powder, for use in a flow-through packed-bed column for HCl and HF gas neutralization following refrigerant destruction. Neutralization tests performed at 408 K using 5% HCl in N2 and 5% HF in N2, showed that limestone had a significantly higher adsorption capacity for both HF & HCl, future tests therefore utilized limestone only. The results showed that ~49% of the fed HCl and between 7.8% - 16.2% of the fed HF gases were adsorbed by 0.007 kg of limestone for a 6.67×10-6 m3/s (STP) flow rate over 30 – 180 minutes. Applying the shrinking core model, effective diffusivities (De) of HCl & HF into the limestone particles were 1.5×10-9 & 2.2×10-9 m2/s respectively. Under these conditions, complete particle conversion times were 227 hours for HCl–limestone and 154 hours for HF–limestone. Estimating De values at plasma-reactor temperatures gave 5.61x10-9 m2/s & 8.24x10-9 m2/s for HCl–limestone and HF–limestone respectively. Correspondingly, particle consumption times were reduced to 61 and 41 hours for HCl–limestone and HF–limestone. Considering the conversion times for the 1 mm particle sizes, shorter conversion times would require micron-scale particle sizes, suitable for entrained flow but not for a packed-bed arrangement.