OPTIMAL DISTRIBUTED GENERATION SIZING AND PLACEMENT VIA SINGLE- AND MULTI-OBJECTIVE OPTIMIZATION APPROACHES
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Numerous advantages attained by integrating Distributed Generation (DG) in distribution systems. These advantages include decreasing power losses and improving voltage profiles. Such benefits can be achieved and enhanced if DGs are optimally sized and located in the systems. In this thesis, the optimal DG placement and sizing problem is investigated using two approaches. First, the optimization problem is treated as single-objective optimization problem, where the system’s active power losses are considered as the objective to be minimized. Secondly, the problem is tackled as a multi-objective one, focusing on DG installation costs. These problems are formulated as constrained nonlinear optimization problems using the Sequential Quadratic Programming method. A weighted sum method and a fuzzy decision-making method are presented to generate the Pareto optimal front and also to obtain the best compromise solution. Single and multiple DG installation cases are studied and compared to a case without DG, and a 15-bus radial distribution system and 33-bus meshed distribution system are used to demonstrate the effectiveness of the proposed methods.