Non-Occurrence of Free-Living Paramoeba-Invadens in Water and Sediments of Halifax Harbour Nova Scotia Canada
Jellett, J. F.
Novitsky, J. A.
Cantley, J. A.
Scheibling, Robert Eric
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Seawater and sediment samples from various sites in or near Halifax Harbour were cultured for Paramoeba as were tissues of the natural sea urchin host Stronglyocentrotus droebachiensis sampled from Halifax Harbour. An isolate of Paramoeba from a Halifax Harbour water sample was not virulent on injection into healthy sea urchins. However, some sea urchins in cages near the outfall pipe of Dalhousie University's seawater system were infected during the annual peak of the seawater temperature cycle. Results indicate that (1) there is no evidence of a free-living endemic population of Paramoeba invadens in or near Halifax Harbour, (2) S. droebachiensis, the natural host for P. invadens, do not harbour a reservoir population of this organism at temperatures sub-optimal for paramoebiasis, and (3) Paramoeba which are morphologically indistinct from laboratory stocks of P. invadens were recovered near the outfall pipe. These organisms may have been released via the outfall pipe into Halifax Harbour and subsequently lost virulence.
Jellett, J. F., J. A. Novitsky, J. A. Cantley, and R. E. Scheibling. 1989. "Non-Occurrence of Free-Living Paramoeba-Invadens in Water and Sediments of Halifax Harbour Nova Scotia Canada." Marine Ecology Progress Series 56(1-2): 205-209. doi:10.3354/meps056205