Satellite observations reveal high variability and a decreasing trend in CO sub(2) fluxes on the Scotian Shelf
Shadwick, E. H.
Hunt, C. W.
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We develop an algorithm to compute pCO sub(2) in the Scotian Shelf region (NW Atlantic) from satellite-based estimates of chlorophyll-a concentration, sea-surface temperature, and observed wind speed. This algorithm is based on a high-resolution time-series of pCO sub(2) observations from an autonomous mooring. At the mooring location (44.3 degree N and 63.3 degree W), the surface waters act as a source of CO sub(2) to the atmosphere over the annual scale, with an outgassing of -1.1 mol C m super(-2) yr super(-1) in 2007/2008. A hindcast of air-sea CO sub(2) fluxes from 1999 to 2008 reveals significant variability both spatially and from year to year. Over the decade, the shelf-wide annual air-sea fluxes range from an outgassing of -1.7 mol C m super(-2) yr super(-1) in 2002, to -0.02 mol C m super(-2) yr super(-1) in 2006. There is a gradient in the air-sea CO sub(2) flux between the northeastern Cabot Strait region which acts as a net sink of CO sub(2) with an annual uptake of 0.5 to 1.0 mol C m super(-2) yr super(-1), and the southwestern Gulf of Maine region which acts as a source ranging from -0.8 to -2.5 mol C m super(-2) yr super(-1). There is a decline, or a negative trend, in the air-sea pCO sub(2) gradient of 23 mu atm over the decade, which can be explained by a cooling of 1.3 degree C over the same period. Regional conditions govern spatial, seasonal, and interannual variability on the Scotian Shelf, while multi-annual trends appear linked to the North Atlantic Oscillation.
Shadwick, E. H., H. Thomas, A. Comeau, SE Craig, et al. 2010. "Satellite observations reveal high variability and a decreasing trend in CO sub(2) fluxes on the Scotian Shelf." Biogeosciences Discussions 7(4): 5269-5304.