Using small, temporary seismic networks for investigating tectonic deformation: Brittle deformation and evidence for strike-slip faulting in Bhutan
Velasco, A. A.
Gee, V. L.
Hollister, L. S.
Miller, K. C.
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We processed data from a small, five-station temporary seismic network deployed from January 2002 until March 2003 within the Kingdom of Bhutan. We detected, associated, and located approximately 2,100 teleseismic, regional, and local events; approximately 900 were not in the United States Geological Survey (USGS) Earthquake Data Report catalog. We supplemented our data for these 900 events with data from the Global Seismographic Network (GSN) stations in the region. After relocation of these events, we focused on approximately 175 events that occurred near or within the borders of Bhutan. We reviewed each solution, manually timing the P- and S-waves for each event, and inverted for event locations and an average 1-D velocity model for the region. Our model was tested with other models appropriate for the region. We found a high amount of microseismicity throughout southern Bhutan and almost no seismicity under northern Bhutan and southern Tibet. Our results showed that analysis of data from small in-country seismic networks resulted in new scientific findings. In this case, we found the crust under southern Bhutan brittlely deforming, and there was evidence for strike-slip faulting, supporting previous) results for the region.
Velasco, A. A., V. L. Gee, C. Rowe, D. Grujic, et al. 2007. "Using small, temporary seismic networks for investigating tectonic deformation: Brittle deformation and evidence for strike-slip faulting in Bhutan." Seismological Research Letters 78(4): 446-453. doi:10.1785/gssrl.78.4.446