Structure and magnetic properties of MnSi epitaxial thin films
Monchesky, T. L.
Robertson, M. D.
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We report on the correlation between the magnetic and structural properties of epitaxial MnSi (111) thin films grown by solid-phase epitaxy on Si (111) substrates. The Si (111) substrate, with a surface unit cell that is 3.0% larger than that of MnSi, causes an in-plane tensile strain in the film that is partially relaxed due to the presence of misfit dislocations located at the interface. However, the out-of-plane strain has a nonmonotonic dependence on thickness that is attributed to changes in the elastic constants of the film. The thickness dependence of the Curie temperature correlates strongly with strain and reaches a maximum of TC=43 K, a value that is 46% greater than the bulk value of TC=29.5 K. Although the films have a strong epitaxial relationship, 110]MnSi112]Si, there are inversion domains in the film due to the noncentrosymmetric crystal structure of MnSi. The presence of these domains implies that there are two magnetic chiralities, which likely contribute to the observed glassy magnetic response of the films.
Karhu, E., S. Kahwaji, T. L. Monchesky, C. Parsons, et al. 2010. "Structure and magnetic properties of MnSi epitaxial thin films." Physical Review B (Condensed Matter and Materials Physics) 82(18): 18441711. doi:10.1103/PhysRevB.82.184417