SPONTANEOUS IMBIBITION CHARACTERISTICS OF FONTAINEBLEAU SANDSTONE BY SECONDARY AND TERTIARY RECOVERY.
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Spontaneous imbibition of water into Fontainebleau Sandstone matrix because of capillary gradient is an important mechanism for oil recovery from Fontainebleau Sandstone reservoirs. Spontaneous imbibition characteristics of Fontainebleau Sandstone core were determined by measuring the Wettability Index of four Fontainebleau Sandstone core samples under laboratory conditions. This was done by utilizing a combination of a Benchtop Relative Permeameter Flooding System and Amott Cups. The specimen had a diameter of 38mm and a height of 47mm. Permeability and porosity of the cores varied from 12 to 14 mD and 10 to 14% respectively. The fluids and chemicals used were kerosene, synthetic brine and Sodium dodecyl sulphate. Amott’s method was used to measure the wettability index. This method consists of four steps: (1) brine flooding, (2) spontaneous imbibition of brine, (3) kerosene flooding, (4) spontaneous imbibition of kerosene. One core was saturated with kerosene and then flooded with brine, followed by spontaneous imbibition of brine. Similarly, another core was saturated with brine and then flooded with kerosene, followed by spontaneous imbibition of kerosene. Similar procedures were used for other two cores except the addition of surfactant to the synthetic brine. All cores were then cleaned and re-saturated for spontaneous imbibition of kerosene and brine. All Experiments were performed under laboratory temperature conditions. Oil and water wettability values were obtained along with secondary and tertiary oil recoveries. These values were used to calculate the wettability index of Fontainebleau sandstone cores. Spontaneous imbibition characteristics of the cores obtained from the experimental data indicate that Fontainebleau Sandstone formation is a potential candidate for Secondary and Tertiary oil recovery by water injection and spontaneous imbibition.