Macro Synthetic Fiber Addition To Concrete Marine Structures In Freeze Thaw Environments
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Concrete marine structures are typically exposed to harsh marine environments where the ingress of chloride ions can lead to corrosion of steel reinforcing bars, reducing both strength and service life; therefore, concrete must be proportioned to resist these environments. Current recommendations for concrete mixtures and plastic shrinkage cracking both reduce the resistance to chloride ingress. The main objective of this thesis was to understand the benefits of fiber addition to concrete exposed to chlorides and quantify those benefits, which would lead to a concrete mixture suitable for marine structures in freeze thaw environments. The research program tested two different fibers in a total of nine concrete mixtures. The results demonstrated that fiber addition at dosages up to 0.33 % by volume resulted in significant reduction or elimination of plastic shrinkage cracking and the chloride tests determined that the ternary FRC mixtures had the best resistance to chloride diffusion.