IDENTIFICATION AND CHARACTERIZATION OF PROMYELOCYTIC LEUKEMIA (PML)-ISOFORM 1 SPECIFIC PROTEIN-PROTEIN INTERACTIONS
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Loss of the promyelocytic leukemia (PML) protein is associated with genomic instability/cancer. There are several isoforms of the PML protein that localize in PML nuclear bodies (PML NBs). How each individual isoform contributes to the functions of PML NBs is unknown. The objective of this study was to identify and characterize PML isoform-I (PML-I) specific protein-protein interactions. Using yeast two-hybrid screens, several interacting partners of PML-I were identified that play roles in translational regulation, including eukaryotic initiation factor 3 subunit K (eIF3K). Our studies demonstrated that eIF3K interacts with PML-I in vitro and in vivo. Through its interaction with eIF3K, overexpression of PML-I resulted in the concomitant increase in eIF3K protein levels in mammalian cells. This suggests that PML-I may be involved in regulating eIF3K protein translation or stability, which in turn could affect translation of specific mRNAs or global translation in cancer cells with reduced expression of PML-I.