Electrochemical Behaviour of Ti(C,N) and TiC Cermets
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Three samples of Ti(C,N) were fabricated with 40 vol.% Ni3Al: Ti(C0.3N07), Ti(C0.5N0.5) and Ti(C0.7N0.3), as well as TiC with 10, 20, 30 and 40 vol.% Ni3Al binder addition by means of melt infiltration and sintering. Each sample was evaluated for density and microstructure before being placed in a flat cell for electrochemical testing. Open circuit potential was evaluated, followed by the application of a cathodic potential, whereby the response was tracked using Corrware corrosion software throughout the duration of potentiodynamic testing. Following corrosion testing, each sample was reevaluated for changes in microstructure and chemical composition. Ti(C,N) samples were found to have adequate resistance to corrosion, with increased resistance with increasing carbon content, however these samples demonstrated a greater frequency of breakdown and repassivation, suggesting a greater susceptibility to corrosion, despite the initial improved resistance. SEM imaging demonstrated significant crevice corrosion throughout. TiC-cermets demonstrated similar results in terms of SEM evaluation of microstructure. TiC-cermets with the lowest binder content (10 vol.% Ni3Al) demonstrated greater initial resistance to corrosion but also had the greatest potential for breakdown.