THE EFFECTS OF PHYSICAL AND MENTAL HEALTH STATUS ON FUTURE LIVING ARRANGEMENTS OF MIDDLE-AGED AND OLDER CANADIANS - A LONGITUDINAL ANALYSIS
Angus, Camille L
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Canada’s population is aging rapidly, and understanding living arrangements and their determinants plays a critical role in supporting healthy aging. This thesis examined, using a population-based longitudinal survey, the Canadian Multicentre Osteoporosis Study, the effects of clinically-significant change in physical and mental health on future living arrangements, employing generalized estimating equations logistic regression models. Clinically-significant decline in SF-36 Physical Component Score (PCS) increased likelihood of not remaining community-dwelling, or “aging in place” over stable or improved scores by 41%. SF-36 Mental Component Score (MCS) did not show a statistically significant effect on aging in place. Older age and employment status of retired or unemployed increased likelihood of not aging in place, whereas living with a partner, pursuing moderate or vigorous physical activity, and having children increased the likelihood of aging in place. Study findings will inform social and health policy development to support aging in place in Canada and elsewhere.