Piperine Modulates B cell Activation and Function
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Piperine, the major alkaloid derived from black pepper corns, has played an important role in traditional medicine worldwide. Current research has demonstrated piperine to have several anti-inflammatory properties, however, little is known concerning the effect of piperine on B cells. Spleen-derived murine B cells were cultured in the presence or absence of piperine during T-dependent or T-independent activation. Piperine reversibly inhibited B cell proliferation in a dose-dependent manner. This was due to a G0/1-phase cell cycle arrest, and was associated with a reduction in phospho-ERK, phospho-AKT, and Cyclin D1, D2, and D3. Piperine also inhibited antibody and cytokine production. Furthermore, piperine treatment diminished B cell-mediated antigen presentation determined by measuring OT-II transgenic T cell proliferation in response to OVA, which was attributed to the decreased MHC-II ad co-stimulatory molecule expression observed. This in vitro study shows that piperine has potent immuno-suppressive effects on B cell activation and effector function.