Deformation Behaviour of TiNi Shape Memory Alloys under Tensile and Compressive Loads
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TiNi shape memory alloys (SMAs) have been extensively used in various applications. The great interest in TiNi alloys is due to its unique shape memory and superelasticity effects, along with its superior wear and dent resistance. Shape memory and superelastic effects are due to a reversible martensitic transformation that can be induced either thermally or mechanically. In this study, indentation tests at different temperatures, loads and strain rates have been performed on superelastic TiNi alloy. Deformation characteristics of superelastic TiNi under indentation have been compared to AISI 304 steel as a conventional material. Also, in-situ optical microscopy tests with interrupted heating have been employed in order to gain an insight into the coupled deformation and reversible martensitic transformation behaviour of TiNi SMAs under tensile loads. An understanding of the impacts of strain rate and temperature on the deformation behaviour of TiNi SMAs under localized compressive loads has been proposed.