INTEGRATING WIND GENERATED ELECTRICITY WITH SPACE HEATING AND STORAGE BATTERIES
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The world faces two major energy-related challenges: reducing greenhouse-gas emissions and improving energy security. Wind-electricity, a clean and environmentally sustainable energy source, appears promising. However, its intermittency is problematic when used as a supply for on-demand electricity. Wind-electricity can be used for space heating when combined with thermal-storage systems; although its intermittency can result in periods of excess electricity. To reduce the excess, this thesis proposes using wind-electricity for thermal-storage and electric-vehicles. Four charging procedures are designed and developed. Data from an eastern Canadian wind-farm is used to demonstrate the procedures. The results are compared and discussed in terms of the supply of wind-electricity and its ability to meet the energy requirements of these services. Depending on the procedure, wind-electricity displaced between 20 and 26 GWh of energy previously required for space-heating and transportation, demonstrating that wind-electricity, with intermittently-chargeable loads using storage, is a solution to the intermittency problem.