Effect of Soil Variability on Wild Blueberry Fruit Yield
Farooque, Aitazaz Jr
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Two wild blueberry fields were selected in central Nova Scotia, to characterize and quantify the spatial pattern of variability in soil properties, leaf nutrients and fruit yield, identification of yield influencing soil properties, and to develop management zones for site-specific fertilization. A combination of classical statistics, geostatistical analysis and mapping in Arc GIS 9.3 indicated substantial variation within field. The stepwise regression suggested that the soil EC, horizontal co-planar geometry (HCP), inorganic nitrogen and moisture content were major yield influencing factors. The cluster analysis of the soil variables with the fruit yield also indicated that HCP, inorganic nitrogen, EC, SOM, and ?v were closely grouped with the fruit yield at a similarity level greater than 70%. Based on the results of this study the wild blueberry fields can be divided into different management zones for variable rate fertilization to improve crop production, increase revenue, and reduce potential environmental contamination.