Precursor-Directed Biosynthesis of Novel Jadomycins and Expansion of the Jadomycin Library
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Jadomycins are secondary metabolites produced by Streptomyces venezuelae ISP5230 VS1099 in response to conditions of stress such as heat or ethanol shock. They have been shown to exhibit antibiotic and anticancer activity. Unique structural features of the jadomycins include a rare 2,6-dideoxysugar, L-digitoxose, and an oxazolone ring with an amino acid component. Previous studies have revealed that jadomycin derivatives can be produced by altering the amino acid in S. venezuelae ISP5230 VS1099 culture media which becomes incorporated into the oxazolone ring. One jadomycin from a proteogenic amino acid and three new jadomycins from non-proteogenic amino acids have been successfully produced on a large scale (4 mg/L to 12 mg/L, 2 L) and characterized using mass spectrometry, infrared spectroscopy, UV-visible spectroscopy, and nuclear magnetic resonance spectroscopy. One of these contains a terminal alkyne functionality and has been used in cycloaddition reactions with various azides to produce a library of triazole-containing jadomycins.