Canadian Integrated Ocean Observing System Investigative Evaluations: Observations and Data
Whoriskey, Frederick G
Morton, Kathryn (Kes)
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Many countries have employed a coordinated network of government agencies, research institutions, and private companies to establish national integrated Ocean Observing Systems (OOSes). Although Canada boasts a robust and diverse ocean economy, the country has yet to implement such a system. To better adapt in the face of a changing environment and to assist the country in meeting national and international commitments, Fisheries and Oceans Canada (DFO) commissioned investigative evaluations (IEs) to determine the cost and feasibility of creating a Canadian Integrated Ocean Observing System (CIOOS). This report contains the recommendations of the Observations and Data IE, which identified Core Ocean Variables (COVs) that should be monitored to meet the needs of Canadians, and to contribute to Canada’s international commitments to ocean monitoring. Existing regional ocean monitoring capacities across Canada that could contribute to the system were evaluated, and an assessment was conducted of the needs for the stewardship of data and metadata including requirements for best practices, standards, curation and archiving, and interoperability requirements. Models for implementation and governance of the system were proposed, and report findings have been used in development of a pilot project to implement CIOOS.