A New Water Infrastructure Paradigm for the Arid City of Kerman, Iran
This thesis investigates ancient methods of water storage, delivery, access and treatment that have formed the basis of traditional Persian settlements and culture. These methods are contrasted with modern techniques and technologies, imported and adopted to the Iranian landscape throughout the twentieth century. The logic and cultural impact of modern water infrastructure is questioned as it relates to natural landscape processes and architecture in the city of Kerman, located in the central Iranian Plateau. Through the lens of traditional means and methods developed over several millennia, modern water infrastructure is questioned for its continuity, engagement and future viability. Water problems found in Kerman can be generalized to other arid cities as the patterns of use and development are similar. The research and design address the issues of aquifer depletion and pollution, social engagement with water, de-abstraction of water, de-centralized treatment, and appropriate climatic use of forms and materials.