Return periods of extreme sea levels from short records
Middleton, J. F.
Thompson, K. R.
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Extreme sea levels usually arise from a combination of the tides (assumed here to be deterministic) and storm surges (assumed stochastic). The authors show how tide and surge statistics derived from short (~1 year) records can be used to predict the occurrence of extremes with much longer return periods (~50 years). The method is based on an extension of the exceedance theory originally developed by Rice (1954) to study noise in electrical circuits. A comparison of predicted return periods with those obtained directly from a 50-year Markovian simulation of surge is used to validate the exceedance probability method. The method is next applied to the Canadian ports of Halifax and Victoria, which are dominated by semidiurnal and diurnal tides, respectively
Middleton, J. F., and K. R. Thompson. 1986. "Return periods of extreme sea levels from short records." Journal of Geophysical Research 91: 11707-16. DOI: 10.1029/JC091iC10p11707