Increased VIP Receptor Expression Mediates CFTR Membrane Localization in Response to VIP Treatment in VIP Knockout Mice
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Cystic Fibrosis (CF) is caused by mutations in CFTR, a protein for chloride efflux in epithelial cells. VIP is a peptide that activates CFTR and improves membrane stability; VIP has 3 receptors VPAC1, VPAC2 and PAC1 that can cause CFTR phosphorylation. VIP-knockout (VIPKO) mice experience inflammation and reduced CFTR membrane localization comparable to CF phenotypes, that’s reversible after 3 weeks of VIP treatment (VIPKOT). In this thesis western blotting showed VPAC1 and VPAC2 expression increased in VIPKO and VIPKOT lung and duodenum tissues. The expression and maturation of CFTR was unchanged in both VIPKO and VIPKOT tissues. The results showed absence of VIP caused increased receptor expression in VIPKO mice, after VIP treatment VIPKO mice maintained increased receptor expression. VIP treatment reduces inflammation and restores existing CFTR membrane localization in VIPKO mice. VIP receptor expression may be important for future treatment of CF for CFTR localization and reducing tissue inflammation.