Recent Submissions

  • Range contraction in large pelagic predators 

    Worm, Boris, and Derek P. Tittensor. 2011. "Range contraction in large pelagic predators." Proceedings of the National Academy of Sciences of the United States of America 108(29): 11942-11947.
    Large reductions in the abundance of exploited land predators have led to significant range contractions for those species. This pattern can be formalized as the range-abundance relationship, a general macroecological ...
  • Global phytoplankton decline over the past century 

    Boyce, Daniel G., Marlon R. Lewis, and Boris Worm. 2010. "Global phytoplankton decline over the past century." Nature 466(7306): 591-596.
    In the oceans, ubiquitous microscopic phototrophs (phytoplankton) account for approximately half the production of organic matter on Earth. Analyses of satellite-derived phytoplankton concentration (available since 1979) ...
  • Is there a decline in marine phytoplankton? Reply 

    Boyce, Daniel G., Marlon R. Lewis, and Boris Worm. 2011. "Is there a decline in marine phytoplankton? Reply." Nature 472(7342): 8-E9.
    No abstract available.
  • Coastal food web structure, carbon storage, and nitrogen retention regulated by consumer pressure and nutrient loading 

    Worm, Boris, Heike K. Lotze, and Ulrich Sommer. 2000. "Coastal food web structure, carbon storage, and nitrogen retention regulated by consumer pressure and nutrient loading." Limnology and Oceanography 45(2): 339-349.
    By factorial field experiments we analyzed the relative effects of increased nutrient (N+P) loading and natural grazing pressure on species composition, carbon storage, and nitrogen retention in the Baltic Sea littoral ...
  • Meta-analysis of cod-shrimp interactions reveals top-down control in oceanic food webs. 

    Worm, Boris, and Ransom A. Myers. 2003. "Meta-analysis of cod-shrimp interactions reveals top-down control in oceanic food webs.." Ecology (Washington D C) 84(1): 162-173.
    Here we present a meta-analytic approach to analyzing population interactions across the North Atlantic Ocean. We assembled all available biomass time series for a well-documented predator-prey couple, Atlantic cod (Gadus ...
  • Marine diversity shift linked to interactions among grazers, nutrients and propagule banks 

    Worm, B., H. K. Lotze, C. Bostroem, R. Engkvist, et al. 1999. "Marine diversity shift linked to interactions among grazers, nutrients and propagule banks." Marine Ecology Progress Series 185: 309-314.
    Diverse coastal seaweed communities dominated by perennial fucoids become replaced by species-poor turfs of annual algae throughout the Baltic Sea. A large-scale field survey and factorial field experiments indicated that ...
  • Do nutrient availability and plant density limit seagrass colonization in the Baltic Sea? 

    Worm, B., and TBH Reusch. 2000. "Do nutrient availability and plant density limit seagrass colonization in the Baltic Sea?." Marine Ecology Progress Series 200: 159-166.
    Seagrasses continue to decline at an alarming rate throughout the planet's temperate regions. After a decline recolonization or restoration starts from small patches of single shoots which then propagate vegetatively. We ...
  • In situ nutrient enrichment: Methods for marine benthic ecology 

    Worm, B., TBH Reusch, and H. K. Lotze. 2000. "In situ nutrient enrichment: Methods for marine benthic ecology." International Review of Hydrobiology 85(2-3): 359-375.
    Nutrient enrichment of marine sediments or the water column has been used to study plant nutrient limitation and its cascading effects on community structure. Here we develop methodological recommendations for in situ ...
  • Rapid direct and indirect effects of a single nutrient pulse in a seaweed-epiphyte-grazer system 

    Worm, B., and U. Sommer. 2000. "Rapid direct and indirect effects of a single nutrient pulse in a seaweed-epiphyte-grazer system." Marine Ecology Progress Series 202: 283-288.
    In the Baltic Sea, rye tested how short nutrient pulses of different lengths and frequencies affect macroalgae, epiphytes, grazers and their interactions. We hypothesized that even small-scale variations in nutrient supply ...
  • Global patterns of predator diversity in the open oceans 

    Worm, B., M. Sandow, A. Oschlies, HK Lotze, et al. 2005. "Global patterns of predator diversity in the open oceans." Science 309(5739): 1365-1369.
    The open oceans comprise most of the biosphere, yet patterns and trends of species diversity there are enigmatic. Here, we derive worldwide patterns of tuna and billfish diversity over the past 50 years, revealing distinct ...
  • Predator diversity hotspots in the blue ocean 

    Worm, B., HK Lotze, and RA Myers. 2003. "Predator diversity hotspots in the blue ocean." Proceedings of the National Academy of Sciences of the United States of America 100(17): 9884-9888.
    Concentrations of biodiversity, or hotspots, represent conservation priorities in terrestrial ecosystems but remain largely unexplored in marine habitats. In the open ocean, many large predators such as tunas, sharks, ...
  • Managing fisheries in a changing climate - No need to wait for more information: industrialized fishing is already wiping out stocks. 

    Worm, B., and RA Myers. 2004. "Managing fisheries in a changing climate - No need to wait for more information: industrialized fishing is already wiping out stocks.." Nature 429(6987): 15-15.
    No abstract available.
  • Relative effects of elevated grazing pressure and competition from a red algal turf on two post-settlement stages of Fucus evanescens C. Ag. 

    Worm, B., and ARO Chapman. 1998. "Relative effects of elevated grazing pressure and competition from a red algal turf on two post-settlement stages of Fucus evanescens C. Ag.." Journal of experimental marine biology and ecology 220(2): 247-268.
    In Nova Scotia, Canada, the lower shore of wave-exposed and semi-sheltered portions of the coast is dominated by a dense turf of the red alga Chondrus crispus C. Ag. The mid shore is dominated by three species of rockweed ...
  • Interference competition among two intertidal seaweeds: Chondrus crispus strongly affects survival of Fucus evanescens recruits 

    Worm, B., and ARO Chapman. 1996. "Interference competition among two intertidal seaweeds: Chondrus crispus strongly affects survival of Fucus evanescens recruits." Marine Ecology Progress Series 145(1-3): 297-301.
    Effects of Chondrus crispus on recruitment of Fucus were examined in order to test the proposition that this red turfing alga is able to exclude fucoids from the low zone of wave-exposed shores in Nova Scotia, Canada. F. ...
  • Impacts of biodiversity loss on ocean ecosystem services 

    Worm, Boris, Edward B. Barbier, Nicola Beaumont, J. Emmett Duffy, et al. 2006. "Impacts of biodiversity loss on ocean ecosystem services." Science 314(5800): 787-790.
    Human-dominated marine ecosystems are experiencing accelerating loss of populations and species, with largely unknown consequences. We analyzed local experiments, long-term regional time series, and global fisheries data ...
  • Top-down control of lobster in the Gulf of Maine: insights from local ecological knowledge and research surveys 

    Boudreau, Stephanie A., and Boris Worm. 2010. "Top-down control of lobster in the Gulf of Maine: insights from local ecological knowledge and research surveys." Marine Ecology Progress Series 403: 181-191.
    American lobster Homarus americanus landings in the Gulf of Maine have been steadily increasing since the 1980s. As a result, lobsters now support one of the most important fisheries in the USA and Canada. One hypothesis ...
  • Response to comments on "Impacts of biodiversity loss on ocean ecosystem services" 

    Worm, Boris, Edward B. Barbier, Nicola Beaumont, J. Emmett Duffy, et al. 2007. "Response to comments on "Impacts of biodiversity loss on ocean ecosystem services"." Science 316(5829): 1285-1286.
    No abstract available.
  • Biodiversity loss in the ocean: How bad is it? Response 

    Worm, Boris, Edward B. Barbier, Nicola Beaumont, J. Emmett Duffy, et al. 2007. "Biodiversity loss in the ocean: How bad is it? Response." Science 316(5829): 1282-1284.
    No abstract available.
  • The swarm - A novel of the deep 

    Worm, Boris. 2006. "The swarm - A novel of the deep." Science 314(5805): 1546-1546.
    No abstract available.
  • Rebuilding Global Fisheries 

    Worm, Boris, Ray Hilborn, Julia K. Baum, Trevor A. Branch, et al. 2009. "Rebuilding Global Fisheries." Science 325(5940): 578-585.
    After a long history of overexploitation, increasing efforts to restore marine ecosystems and rebuild fisheries are under way. Here, we analyze current trends from a fisheries and conservation perspective. In 5 of 10 ...

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