Development And Benchmarking Of A Semilocal Density-Functional Approximation Including Dispersion
Kannemann, Felix Oliver
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Density-functional theory has become an indispensible tool for studying matter on the atomic level, being routinely applied across diverse disciplines from solid-state physics to chemistry and molecular biology. Its failure to account for dispersion interactions has spurred intensive research over the past decade. In this thesis, a semilocal density-functional approximation including dispersion is developed by combining standard functionals for exchange and correlation with the nonempirical “exchange-hole dipole moment“ (XDM) dispersion model of Becke and Johnson. With a minimum of empiricism, the method accurately describes all types of noncovalent interactions, from the extremely weak dispersion forces in rare-gas systems to the hydrogen bonding and stacking interactions responsible for the structure and function of biological macromolecules such as DNA and proteins. The method is compatible with a wide variety of standard Gaussian basis sets, and is easily applied to any system that can be modeled with density-functional theory.