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Ballast Water Management Convention, 2004: Towards Combating Unintentional Transfer of Harmful Aquatic Organisms and Pathogens.

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dc.contributor.author Lawal, Sabitiyu Abosede
dc.date.accessioned 2011-09-06T14:02:59Z
dc.date.available 2011-09-06T14:02:59Z
dc.date.issued 2011-09-06
dc.identifier.uri http://hdl.handle.net/10222/14184
dc.description The threat posed by harmful aquatic organisms and pathogens to the society at large is devastating. The Ballast Water Management Convention 2004 was adopted to remedy this problem. Though the Convention has potential to combat the threat, it has some ambiguities. This study concludes that if the provisions of the Convention, coupled with the recommendations made in this study are implemented at State level, we will have an international community that is free from the menace posed by harmful aquatic organisms and pathogens introduced through ships' ballast water and sediments, and a safer marine ecosystems will be ensued for us in due time. en_US
dc.description.abstract The introduction of harmful aquatic organisms and pathogens transferred through ships' ballast water and sediments from one coastal region to another has ecological, economic, environmental, and human impacts. The international community, through numerous binding and non-binding instruments, also sought to combat this problem. Ultimately, the International Convention for the Control and Management of Ships' Ballast Water and Sediments, 2004 was adopted by the International Maritime Organization as the dedicated legal regime intended to prevent, control and ultimately eradicate the introduction and spread of harmful aquatic organisms and pathogens through ships' ballast water and sediments. By its Regulations, the Convention sets out coastal/port and flag State obligations along with subsequently adopted technical Guidelines by which to implement it. Despite the importance of this problem, the Convention has not entered into force. This study assesses the potential of the Convention to promote achievement of the goal to prevent and eliminate this source of marine and biodiversity degradation and destruction. The study finds that the Convention constitutes a useful global legal regime within which steps can be taken to establish uniform ground rules, standards and practices to combat the introduction, transfer and spread of harmful aquatic organisms and pathogens across the world's coastal and marine areas. Nevertheless, its potential is undermined, among others, by the exemption of some categories of ships from its application, financial costs, especially to developing States, of implementing its requirements, and by the fact that its provisions do not account for other salient sources by which harmful aquatic organisms and pathogens are spread. Suggestions are made to encourage more ratification to bring the Convention into force and on remedying some of the weaknesses in the formulation of its rules. It is concluded that if it is ratified by sufficient and wide number of States as well as conscientiously implemented by States, adopting additional national laws and policies to regulate areas which are not addressed by the Convention, it would facilitate progress in the global effort to improve the protection of marine environments, ecosystems, and biodiversity, specifically, as regards the contribution towards combating the introduction and transfer of harmful aquatic organisms and pathogens via ships' ballast water and sediments. en_US
dc.language.iso en en_US
dc.subject Ballast Water, Sediments, Ship, Introduction, Transfer, Combat, Control, Management, Organisms, Pathogens, Harmful Aquatic Organisms, Invasive Species, Convention, Unintentional, Impacts. en_US
dc.title Ballast Water Management Convention, 2004: Towards Combating Unintentional Transfer of Harmful Aquatic Organisms and Pathogens. en_US
dc.date.defence 2011-08-25
dc.contributor.department Faculty of Law en_US
dc.contributor.degree Master of Laws en_US
dc.contributor.external-examiner Professor Aldo Chircop en_US
dc.contributor.graduate-coordinator Professor Stephen Coughlan en_US
dc.contributor.thesis-reader Professor Phillip Saunders en_US
dc.contributor.thesis-supervisor Professor Moira L. McConnell en_US
dc.contributor.ethics-approval Not Applicable en_US
dc.contributor.manuscripts Not Applicable en_US
dc.contributor.copyright-release Not Applicable en_US


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