Now showing items 71-80 of 1871
Mortality reduction with influenza vaccine in patients with pneumonia outside "flu" season: pleiotropic benefits or residual confounding?
RATIONALE: Observational studies suggest a 50% mortality reduction for older patients receiving influenza vaccination; some deem this magnitude of benefit implausible and invoke confounding by the "healthy user effect" as ...
Population-based cohort study of outpatients with pneumonia: rationale, design and baseline characteristics
BACKGROUND: The vast majority of research in the area of community-acquired pneumonia (CAP) has been based on patients admitted to hospital. And yet, the majority of patients with CAP are treated on an ambulatory basis as ...
Inhaled corticosteroids and risk of recurrent pneumonia: a population-based, nested case-control study
BACKGROUND: Studies have suggested an increased risk of pneumonia with inhaled corticosteroid (ICS) use, although this association is inconsistent. We evaluated the risk of recurrent pneumonia associated with ICS use in a ...
Diagnosis and management of Q fever--United States, 2013: recommendations from CDC and the Q Fever Working Group
Q fever, a zoonotic disease caused by the bacterium Coxiella burnetii, can cause acute or chronic illness in humans. Transmission occurs primarily through inhalation of aerosols from contaminated soil or animal waste. No ...
Does empiric therapy for atypical pathogens improve outcomes for patients with CAP?
(Elsevier Inc, 2013-03)
The present controversy regarding the need to cover atypical pathogens in the empiric therapy of community-acquired pneumonia is related to several issues, including the relevance of terminology, imprecise diagnostic ...
Swine outbreak of pandemic influenza A virus on a Canadian research farm supports human-to-swine transmission
BACKGROUND: Swine outbreaks of pandemic influenza A (pH1N1) suggest human introduction of the virus into herds. This study investigates a pH1N1 outbreak occurring on a swine research farm with 37 humans and 1300 swine in ...
Burden of community-acquired pneumonia in North American adults
To determine the burden of community-acquired pneumonia (CAP) affecting adults in North America, a comprehensive literature review was conducted to examine the incidence, morbidity and mortality, etiology, antibiotic ...
Healthcare-associated atypical pneumonia
Atypical pneumonia was first described in 1938, and over time, Mycoplasma, Legionella, and Chlamydophila were the agents commonly linked with community-associated atypical pneumonia. However, as technology has improved, ...
Admission hypoglycemia and increased mortality in patients hospitalized with pneumonia
(Elsevier Inc, 2010-06)
BACKGROUND: The relationship between spontaneous admission hypoglycemia and mortality in patients hospitalized with community-acquired pneumonia is unclear. METHODS: From 2000 to 2002, clinical data were prospectively ...
Spotted fever: meningococcal disease and petechiae
No abstract available.